Research has indicated that people can quite reliably identify the facial emotions of persons from diverse cultures. Evidence for the existence of a relatively few universal “primary” emotions is quite strong, and is especially marked for the negative emotions such as fear, anger or disgust that are typically associated with conflict. As intercultural entertainment products service increasingly diverse and dispersed markets, HK action films’ mobilization of primal emotion via narratives emphasizing life and death struggle, abuse, betrayal and triumph produces emotional signifiers that are widely and easily read.
3. John Hill, “Film and postmodernism.”
In, Hill & Gibson, op. cit., pp. 94 – 103, esp. 97.